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Exactly How To Clone And Migrate WordPress

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Seventy percent of success in life is showing up.

~ Woody Allen

How To Clone WordPress

Users may have the need to move their WordPress files to another location within their server. Being able to move WordPress without having to re-install it elsewhere is certainly an advantage. A few easy steps will explain how to copy WordPress.

To start with, changing the URL for WordPress and moving it to another location requires either setting up a new directory, into which all of the relevant core files are then moved; or, if they will be copied into the (pre-prepared) root directory, a back-up of all index.php complete with any other required files must be created. It may also be necessary to move these files.

Next, it is necessary to log into the blog and access the Administrations Settings General panel, where the new location for the core files (WordPress) needs to be added to the WordPress address box (URI). The location for the Blog address (URI) also needs to be changed (this needs to match the WordPress (URI)). Settings should then be saved. It is important not to try to access the blog at this point! WordPress 2.0 users need to delete the wp-content/cache folder before moving on to the next step.

Following this, the WordPress core files, complete with files from the original directory/ subdirectories, can be moved on to the required new location. Any Permalinks in use may require the Permalink structure to be updated (done in Administration – Settings – Permalinks) to the relevant .htaccess file (this file is situated in the directory where the main file index.php is located).

If some previously uploaded images appear to be missing, this error can be easily corrected by changing the paths for these missing images in the actual SQL database; there is a website, Tamba2, containing a detailed tutorial giving detailed, easy to follow instructions how to make these changes.

Users also need to remember to change the location settings for upload storage folders, otherwise all new uploads could end up in older folders. Image and media upload links should also be updated. These changes can be implemented by accessing the panel for Miscellaneous in the Admin. settings menu.

Depending on the user’s current ISP, some permissions may have been changed from previous settings. Any files showing 0000 permissions should be reverted back to 0644 permissions.

Should various menues be supported by the theme, links to the home page may need to be updated from old embedded subdirectories; this is done within the Appearance/ Menues panel. It is vital to set URI locations before any files are moved. However, it is possible to rectify the situation if files have accidentally been moved before setting URI locations.

Once these steps are completed, the new site needs to be tested and, if necessary, the new address passed on to other users.

A brilliant website, codex.wordpress.org, has some excellent, in depth tutorials describing in great detail how to copy WordPress, how directories are set up, how to change site URLs, how to rectify problems arising from files being moved too soon and other relevant topics, including how to move WordPress to another server.

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